Higher Education System Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) For Assistant Professor, UGC NET

Higher Education System Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) For Assistant Professor, UGC NET, CTET, TGT, PGT and all other Teacher’s Recruitment Exams.

Development of Higher Education in India

The East India Company’s charter of 1698 had directed the company to maintain schools. St. Mary’s Charity School, was started in Madras in 1715. In 1725, European Christian Missionaries had established seventeen schools for the children of the heretics (Hindus) and Muslims and four missionary schools for the Christian. In 1804, the London Missionary society established English schools in Ceylon, Southern India and Bengal.

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This was the beginning of western education in India. Establishment of these primary schools led towards the demand for the establishment of institutions for higher education.

1. Due to the efforts of the committee of Public Instruction by Charter of 1813, two Sanskrit Colleges, one at Calcutta in 1824 and the other at Delhi in 1825, were established.

2. To satisfy the popular demands of Indians, Sanskrit College at Banaras and the Agra College were established in 1818.

3. The Wood’s despatch 1854, recommended the establishment of universities in presidency towns of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.

4. Lord Ripon appointed the Indian Education Commission on Feb. 03, 1882 with Hunter as the Chairman. The commission is popularly known as Hunter Commission.

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The recommendations of Hunter Commission were:

(i)The commission recommended the withdrawal of govt. from direct enterprise in the field of higher education.

(ii) While giving grants-in-aid to the colleges, the number of teachers, expenditure of the college, efficiency of the college and local needs must be kept in mind.

(iii) Special grants should be provided for establishing furnished Libraries, reading rooms, Science rooms, scientific apparatus and other educational equipments, building and furniture etc.

(iv) Such varied and vast curriculum should be arranged so that students must have then subjects of their choice.

(v) The commission recommended the establishment of a university for N.E.F.P.

(vi) Meritorious and promising students should be sent to foreign countries for higher education on government scholarships.

(vii) To raise the moral standard of the students a moral text book based upon the principles of human religion should be compiled and used in all colleges.

5. The Indian University Commission was appointed by Lord Curzon on January 27, 1902 to inquire into the conditions and prospects of Indian universities and to suggest reforms. Two Indians Gurdas Banerjee and Syed Husan Bilgram were included in the commission.

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The recommendations were:

A. No new university will be established.

B. Existing universities (Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, Allahabad and Punjab) should be reorganised as teaching bodies.

C. There should be proper representation of teachers and college lecturers in the university senate.

D. The university should strictly enforce rules and ensure systematic supervision of the affiliated colleges.

E. The commission also suggested reforms in Examination, Postal facilities and improvement in libraries and Laboratories facilities.

F. The commission suggested that there should be a managing committee for every college.

G. B.A. Course should be extended to three years and intermediate should be abolished.

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Higher Education System Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

6. The recommendations of India University Commission appeared after slight amendment in the shape of Indian Universities act, 1904. It commended the following provisions.

A. University functions were enlarged by giving powers to appoint their own staff and to provide facilities for research work.

B. The principle of election was introduced. The older universities were to have 20 and new one 15 elected members.

C. Statutory recognition was granted to the syndicate with proper representation of university teachers.

D. Strict rules for the affiliation of colleges.

7. On September 14, 1917 Calcutta university commission, also known as Sadler commission was appointed by the Govt. of India under the Chairmanship of Sir Michael Sadler the vice-chancellor of the Leeds university.

Its recommendations were:

(i) Admission to the university should take place after intermediate stage in place of matriculation.

(ii) Intermediate classes should be separated from the university. A new type of institutions to be known as Intermediate Colleges should be created.

(iii) Three years degree course

(iv) Provisions of tutorial classes and seminars in higher education.

(v) Subjects such as Medicine, Engineering, Agriculture, Commerce, Education, Science and Arts should be included in the diversified curricula.

(vi) Vernacular should be the medium of instruction through the higher schools except for the teaching of English and Mathematics.

(vii) There should be Board of secondary and intermediate examination in each province.

The Board should be free from official influence. They should consist of 15 to 18 representatives from Government University Intermediate Colleges and High schools.

(viii) Less rigid Govt. control over the universities.

(ix) University teachers should be appointed by selection committees including external members.

(x) Education should be made a subject of study at the intermediate and B.A. examinations.

(xi) Departments of education should be created at the university of Calcutta and Dacca

(xii) The number of trained teachers should be increased without any delay.

(xiii) To strengthen vocational education university course should include applied science and technology.

(xiv) Courses of intermediate colleges should be given a vocational bias.

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8. The govt. of India Act 1935 improved and divided all educational activities into two categories

(a)Federal and

(b)  State Federal Subjects were

(i) The Imperial Library Calcutta; The Indian Museum Calcutta; The Imperial War Museum, The Victoria Memorial Calcutta, and any similar institution controlled or financed by the Federation.

(ii)Education in the defence forces

(iii) The Banaras Hindu University and the Aligarh Muslim University.

(iv) Preservation of ancient and historical monuments.

(v) Education in centrally administered areas.

(vi) Archaeology

All matters regarding education of all other categories other than those included in the Federal list given above were regarded as state or provincial subjects.

9. In 1944, to review the condition of Indian Educational Committee headed by Sir John Sargeant was appointed. The committee submitted its recommendation to CABE.

Its recommendations were:

(i) Class XI should be added to the high school and XII to the university education. This would mean that university education shall run for three years.

(ii) University education should be given only to few deserving dynamic students.

(iii) University grants commission should be appointed.

(iv) Only competent teachers should be appointed.

(v) Research methods should be encouraged.

(vi) Encouragement to the higher category of workers’ training institutions.

(vii) Skilled craftsmen should be provided by imparting technical education in senior high schools.

(viii) Sargeant Report recommended that adult education should be encouraged and various audio visual aids as music, drama, folk-dance, film shows should be used.

(ix) Three types of training institutions for under graduate teachers:

(a) Pre-primary

  (b) Basic

 (c) High schools

(x) Free training should be provided in the training colleges.

(xi) Refresher courses, research facilities, free training, good salary and service conditions were the among the chief recommendations of the report.

(xii) Physical education, compulsory physical training and free mid-day meal should be provided to the students.

(xiii) Regular medical checkup and free treatment of detected illness. Complete medical record of the students be maintained.

(xiv) There should be provision of recreational and social activities according to the age and requirements of the students.

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Higher Education System MCQs

These activities may be of any one of the following:

(a) Folk-dance

(b) Debates

(c) Scout and Guide

(d) Gardening etc.

(xv) Establishment of employment Bureaus of educational departments and university employment Bureaus.

They would ensure the smooth placement of students in various jobs according to their interests and abilities.

(xvi)The report emphasised the need of close contact and co-ordination among all educational institutions. In every province there should be Educational Advisory Board.

10. The university education commission was constituted on November 4, 1948 under the chairmanship of former vice-chancellor of Banaras University and second President of India Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan.

The commission was inaugurated by Abdul Kalam Azad, the then education minister on December 6, 1948. It submitted its report in August 1949.

Its recommendations were:

(i) It recommended for eighteen periods in a week, but research students should have between twelve to fifteen periods.

(ii) The commission also suggested pay scales of the teaching staff. Security of service and appointment of tribunals for settling disputes between teachers and administrations, were the other chief recommendations of the commission.

(iii) Unity of knowledge between university and intermediate colleges’ courses of studies.

(iv) Three phases of Education:

(a) General education, (b) Liberal education (c) Occupational education

(v) The commission laid stress on flexible curriculum.

(vi) The commission also suggested wide ranging courses of study at secondary and first degree course.

(vii) Teaching of M.A. and M.Sc. degree students should be properly organised by means of regular lectures, seminars and laboratory work.

(viii) Ph.D. Degree should be two years and the student’s examination should include a thesis and a viva-voce to test the general knowledge in the whole field of the subject.

(ix) Research training should be encouraged by giving fellowships and scholarships to the competent students.

(x) One third marks should be allotted to class work

(xi) Uniform system of classification. A candidate should get 70% or more marks to get first class, 55% to 69% for a second class and at least 40% for third class.

(xii) No system of awarding grace marks.

(xiii) Viva-voce examinations for post graduate and professional degrees.

(xiv) The commission laid down the following steps to recognise agriculture as a major national issue.

(a) Strengthening of Agricultural colleges.

(b) Priority to agricultural education in primary, secondary and higher education as well as in national economic planning.

(c) Opening of experimental farms, agricultural colleges

(d) Agricultural research should also be supported.

(xv) Practical knowledge and training should be given to the students. Some students should be advised to become specialist in a particular profession.

(xvi) Number of admissions to a medical college within a year should be 100 and not more than 10 patients should be kept under a student.

(xvii) Greater importance should be given to Public Health and Nursing. Medical colleges should be well equipped and research should be promoted.

(xviii) More colleges of Engineering and Technology should be opened. All these institutions should be nationalised. Higher researches, practical skill and knowledge should be given great importance. All these institutions should be free to manage their own affairs.

(xix) Law education should be thoroughly recognised.

(xx) Law colleges should be reorganised to ensure uniformity in law education.

(xxi) More weightage should be given to practice of teaching.

(xxii) The courses on the theory of education should be flexible.

(xxiii) Students should be encouraged to proceed to the Master’s degree in education after some experience.

(xxiv) Teachers of the training colleges should be encouraged to do original researches.

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Higher Education System Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

1. The first Open University in India was set up in the State of?

(A) Andhra Pradesh

(B) Delhi

(C) Himachal Pradesh

(D) Tamil Nadu

2. Most of the Universities in India are funded by?

(A) The Central Government

(B) The State Governments

(C) The University Grants Commission

(D) Private bodies and Individuals

3. Which of the following organizations looks after the quality of Technical and Management education in India?





4. The President of India is?

(A) The Head of State

(B) The Head of Government

(C) Both Head of the State and the Head of the Government

(D) None of the above

5. Who among the following holds office during the pleasure of the President of India?

(A)Chief Election Commissioner

(B) Comptroller and Auditor General of India

(C) Chairman of the Union Public Service Commission

(D) Governor of a State

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6. According to Radhakrishnan Commission, the aim of Higher Education is

(A) To develop the democratic values, peace and harmony

(B) To develop great personalities who can give their contributions in politics, administration, industry and commerce

(C) Both (A) and (B)

(D) None of these

7. The National Museum at New Delhi is attached to

(A)Delhi University

(B) A Deemed University

(C) A Subordinate Office of the JNU

(D) Part of Ministry of Tourism and Culture

8. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below:

List-I                                                      List-II

(Institutions)                                      (Locations)

(a)National Law Institute              (i) Shimla

(b) Indian Institute of                     (ii) Bhopal Advanced Studies

(c) National Judicial                         (iii) Hyderabad Academy

(d) National Savings                        (iv) Nagpur Institute



(A) (iii)(ii)(iv)

(i)(B) (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

(C) (iv)(iii)(i)(ii)

(D) (iii)(i)(ii)(iv)

9. Election of Rural & Urban local bodies are conducted and ultimately supervised by?

(A) Election Commission of India

(B) State Election Commission

(C) District Collector and District Magistrate

(D) Concerned Returning Officer

10. Which opinion is not correct?

(A) Education is a subject of concurrent list of VII schedule of Constitution of India

(B) University Grants Commission is a statutory body

(C) Patent, inventions, design, copyright and trademarks are the subject of concurrent list

(D) Indian Council of Social Science Research is a statutory body related to research in social sciences

11. Value education makes a student

(A) Good citizen

(B) Successful businessman

(C) Popular teacher

(D) Efficient manager

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12. Networking of libraries through electronic media is known as

(A) Inflibnet

(B) Libinfnet

(C) Internet


13. The University which telecasts interactive educational programmes through its own channel is?

(A) B. R. Ambedkar Open University, Hyderabad

(B) I. G. N. O. U.

(C) University of Pune

(D) Annamalai University

14. The Government established the University Grants Commission by an Act of Parliament in the year?

(A) 1980

(B) 1948

(C) 1950

(D) 1956

15. Universities having central campus for imparting education are called?

(A)Central Universities

(B) Deemed Universities

(C) Residential Universities

(D) Open Universities

16. Which is the smallest North-east State in India?

(A) Tripura

(B) Meghalaya

(C) Mizoram

(D) Manipur

17. India’s first Defence University is in the State of

(A) Haryana

(B) Andhra Pradesh

(C) Uttar Pradesh

(D) Punjab

18. Most of the Universities in India?

(A) Conduct teaching and research only

(B) Affiliate colleges and conduct examinations

(C) Conduct teaching/research and examinations

(D) Promote research only

19. Which one of the following is not a Constitutional Body?

(A)Election Commission

(B) Finance Commission

(C) Union Public Service Commission

(D) Planning Commission

20. Which one of the following statements is not correct?

(A) Indian Parliament is supreme.

(B) The Supreme Court of India has the power of judicial review.

(C) There is a division of powers between the Centre and the States.

(D) There is a Council of Ministers to aid and advice the President.

21. Which one of the following statements reflects the republic character of Indian democracy?

(A)Written Constitution

(B) No State religion

(C) Devolution of power to local Government institutions

(D) Elected President and directly or indirectly elected Parliament

22. Who among the following appointed by the Governor can be removed by only the President of India?

(A) Chief Minister of a State

(B) A member of the State Public Service Commission

(C) Advocate-General

(D) Vice-Chancellor of a State University

23. Who among the following can be asked to make a statement in Indian Parliament?

(A) Any MLA

(B) Chief of Army Staff

(C) Solicitor General of India

(D) Mayor of Delhi

24. Which of the following institutions in the field of education is set up by the MHRD Government of India?

(A) Indian council of world Affair, New Delhi

(B) Mythic Society, Bangalore

(C) National Bal Bhawan, New Delhi

(D) India International Centre, New Delhi

25. ‘SITE’ stands for

(A) System for International technology and Engineering

(B) Satellite Instructional Television Experiment

(C) South Indian Trade Estate

(D) State Institute of Technology and Engineering

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26. What is the name of the Research station established by the Indian Government for ‘Conducting Research at Antarctic?

(A) Dakshin Gangotri

(B) Yamunotri

(C) Uttari Gangotri

(D) None of these

27. Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) includes?

(A) Department of School Education and Literacy

(B) Department of Higher Education

(C) Both (A) and (B)

(D) None of the above

28. Parliament can legislate on matters listed in the State list?

(A) With the prior permission of the President.

(B) Only after the constitution is amended suitably.

(C) In case of inconsistency among State legislatures.

(D) At the request of two or more States.

29. Indian Institute of Advanced Study is located at?

(A) Dharmshala

(B) Shimla

(C) Solan

(D) Chandigarh

30. Who has signed an MOU for Accreditation of Teacher Education Institutions in India?

(A) NAAC and UGC


(C) UGC and NCTE


31. The recommendation of National Knowledge Commission for the establishment of 1500 Universities is to?

(A) Create more teaching jobs

(B) Ensure increase in student enrolment in higher education

(C) Replace or substitute the privately managed higher education institutions by public institutions

(D) Enable increased movement of students from rural areas to urban areas

32. According to Article 120 of the Constitution of India, the business in Parliament shall be transacted in?

(A) English only

(B) Hindi only

(C) English and Hindi both

(D) All the languages included in Eighth Schedule of the Constitution

33. The Parliament in India is composed of?

(A) Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha

(B) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha & Vice President

(C) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha & President

(D) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha with their Secretariats

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