Haryana State Symbols | Haryana GK

Haryana State Symbols | Haryana GK: General Knowledge of Haryana is essential for the competitive examinations of the State. For the same purpose this book (Know Your State Haryana) is designed to serve as a reference book for the students who appear in Haryana Public Service Commission (HPSC) and other state level competitive examinations. You can also check Haryana General Knowledge Question Bank for HPSC and other exams.

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The history of Haryana can be traced from various sources like mythological sources, archaeological sources, monetary sources etc. The state has many sites belonging to the Indus Valley Civilisation which flourished well in the state e.g. Banawali, Daulatpur, Bhagwanpur, etc. It also remained a place of many dynasties.

Haryana came into existence as a separate state on 1st November, 1966 but its history is very old. According to Manusmriti, the state got its origin by many deities, thus, it was earlier known as Brahmavrat. Haryana is also known as Brahmrishi Pradesh and Uttarvedi of Brahma.

Read moreHaryana Current Affairs 2023-2024 PDF Download in English and Hindi

Read moreHaryana Monthly Current Affairs 2023-2024 PDF Download in English and Hindi

Haryana State Symbols

State Tree: Peepal

A native tree of India ‘Peepal’ (Sacred Fig), has been declared state tree of Haryana. It is also known as bodhi tree, pippala tree and ashwattha tree. This tree is considered to have a religious significance in three major religions i.e. Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. All parts of the Peepal tree, including root, bark, leaf and fruit are useful. Its scientific name is Ficus religiosa.

State Flower: Lotus

The Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) or the Water Lily is an aquatic plant with broad floating green leaves and bright fragrant flowers that grow only in shallow water. The roots of lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on top of the water surface are held well above it. The flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the leaves. On the basis of colour, it has two types, i.e. red lotus and white lotus.

State Animal: Blackbuck

Blackbuck, also known as Antelope, is mainly found in India, but with other small population in Pakistan and Nepal also. The Blackbuck has ringed horns that have a moderate spiral twist of three to four turns. The white fur on the chin and around the eyes is in sharp contrast with the black stripes on the face. The upper parts and outsides of the legs are dark brown to black, the underparts and the insides of the legs are all white.

State Bird: Black Francolin

Black Francolin, sometimes known as Black Partridge, is a widespread breeding resident in most of the North and Central India. It is called Kala Teetar in Hindi; this handsome stub-tailed bird is found near cultivation and scrub, bordering wetlands.

The head of the black francolin is curved with brown iris eyes colour and unique pattern of brown colour crown and the throat colour is black. The primary colour is black with black breast rufous belly, white spots on flanks and golden brown spots at the back of body.

State Sport: Wrestling

Wrestling has been declared as a state sport by the Haryana Government. It is a kind of dual war, which is fought only by physical force without the help of any weapon. It is mentioned in the Puranas as ‘Malla Krida’.

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