Madhya Pradesh State GK: MP General Information

Madhya Pradesh State GK: MP General Information – The Indian state of Madhya Pradesh came into existence on 1 November 1956. Madhya Pradesh has various geographic regions which have no official administrative governmental status; some correspond to historic countries, states or provinces.

Madhya Pradesh state is made up of 55 Districts, which are grouped into 10 divisions. As of 2024, the state has 55 jila (district) panchayats, 376 tehsil, 313 Janpad panchayats/blocks, and 23043 gram (village) panchayats. The municipalities in the state include 18 Nagar Nigams, 100 Nagar Palikas and 264 Nagar Panchayats.

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Madhya Pradesh State GK

The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India. The Maratha Empire dominated the majority of the 18th century. After the Anglo-Maratha Wars in the 19th century, the region was divided into several princely states under the British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar and the Central India Agency.

 Some years after India’s independence, the Central Provinces and Berar was renamed as Madhya Pradesh with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and northeastern portion of today’s Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidharba region was removed and merged with the Bombay State. This state was the largest in India by area until 2000, when its southeastern Chhattisgarh region was designated a separate state.

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Madhya Pradesh State GK: MP General Information

Date of Constitution                       1st November, 1956

Rajya Diwas                                     1st November

Capital                                             Bhopal

Latitude                                           21° 6’ N to 26.30° N

Longitude                                        74° 9’ E to 82°48’ E

Energy Capital                                 Singrauli

Industrial Capital                             Indore

Main Tribe                                       Gond

Hill Station                                       Pachmarhi, Amarkantak

Highest Peak                                   Dhoopgarh

Total Geographical Area                  3, 08, 252 sq km

Expansion                                        870 km (East-West); 605 km (North-South)

Districts                                           55

Divisions                                         10

Lok Sabha Constituencies             29

Rajya Sabha Constituencies         11

Demography of Madhya Pradesh

Population                                          7, 26, 26, 809 (2011)

• Male                                                  3, 76, 12, 306

• Female                                             3, 50, 14, 503

Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)        931

Sex Ratio (0-6 years)                                918

SC Population %                                      15.6%

ST Population %                                       21.1%

Literacy Rate (%)                                      72.6% (2011)

• Male                                                       80.5%

• Female                                                    60.0%

Population Density                                   236 persons per sq km

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