[MCQs] Major Events & Current Affairs: National/International Part -1

[MCQs] Major Events & Current Affairs: National/International Part -1. Most important current affairs multiple choice questions.

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[MCQs] Major Events & Current Affairs: National/International

1. India handed over the G-20 Presidency to which country?

[A] Indonesia

[B] Sri Lanka

[C] Brazil


Answer: C [Brazil]


Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi handed over the ceremonial gavel to Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva, initiating the process of transition of the President’s Chair for the next round of the G-20 in Brazil.

Brazil officially will take over the mantle of the presidency on December 1 this year. Modi also proposed a virtual session of the G20 around the end of November to take stock of the suggestions and decisions made at the leaders’ summit.

2. Which North-Indian state has unveiled its new State Education Policy, 2023?

[A] Uttarakhand

[B] Assam

[C] West Bengal

[D] Uttar Pradesh

Answer: C [West Bengal]


The West Bengal government has come up with the State Education Policy, 2023, which recommends a three-language formula for Classes 5 to 8, with emphasis on Bengali.

The committee also recommends that Bangla [Bengali] as a subject may be introduced from Class 1 to Class 10 for students of other mediums of instruction.

3. What is L-1, specified in the Aditya-L1 observatory?

[A] First Sun-Earth Lagrangian point

[B] First Sun-Moon Lagrangian point

[C] First Moon-Earth Lagrangian point

[D] First Space-Earth Lagrangian point

Answer: A [First Sun-Earth Lagrangian point]


Aditya-L1 is the first Indian space-based observatory to study the Sun from a halo orbit around the first Sun-Earth Lagrangian point (L1), which is located roughly 1.5 million km from the Earth.

The first, second and third earth-bound manoeuvre was successfully performed on September 3, 5 and 10 respectively. The manoeuvres are being performed during the spacecraft’s 16-day journey around the Earth during which the spacecraft will gain the necessary velocity for its further journey to L1.

4. Nifty 50 hits which mark for the first time, on the following day of the G20 Summit?

[A] 10,000 mark

[B] 15,000 mark

[C] 20,000 mark

[D] 25,000 mark

Answer: C [20,000 mark]


Nifty 50 hits the 20,000 mark for the first time, on the following day of the G20 Summit. The benchmark advanced for the seventh straight day against the backdrop of the G20 summit.

Forty-six of its components advanced, with Reliance Industries, HDFC Bank, Axis Bank, ICICI Bank, and Adani Ports & SEZ being the top contributors to the gains. The journey from 19,000 to 20,000 took 52 sessions.

5. Which state implements the Kalaignar Magalir Urimai Thogai (women’s basic income) scheme?

[A] Kerala

[B] Tamil Nadu

[C] Odisha

[D] Karnataka

Answer: B [Tamil Nadu]


On the birth anniversary of Dravidian icon C N Annadurai 15 September, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister MK Stalin launched ₹1,000 monthly financial assistance scheme for women.

The state identified 1.06 crore women who will benefit from the Kalaignar Magalir Urimai Thogai (women’s basic income) scheme.

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6. India recently organised its first ‘Investment Forum 2023’ with which country?


[B] Saudi Arabia

[C] Australia

[D] Germany

Answer: B [Saudi Arabia]


India-Saudi Arabia Investment Forum 2023 was organized in New Delhi. This is the first formal investment symposium between the two nations. Over 500 companies from both countries participated in the event.

The Saudi Crown Prince had previously announced an investment of approximately $100 billion in various sectors of the Indian economy. The forum also witnessed the signing of over 45 MoUs, aimed at deepening economic engagement and boosting investment flows.

7. Which city is the host of ‘Workshop on Business Responsibility and Sustainability Reporting (BRSR)’?

[A] Mumbai

[B] Chennai

[C] Gandhi Nagar

[D] Bhubaneswar

Answer: A [Mumbai]


The Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs (IICA), in partnership with UNICEF and the National Stock Exchange (NSE), organized a workshop on Business Responsibility and Sustainability Reporting (BRSR) in Mumbai.

The BRSR framework, rooted in the nine principles of the National Guidelines for Responsible Business Conduct (NGRBC), mandates top 1000 listed companies to disclose their performance on environmental, social, and governance aspects.

8. Which Union Ministry organised the ‘International Conference on Dam Safety’?

[A] Ministry of Jal Shakti

[B] Ministry of MSME

[C] Ministry of Science and Technology

[D] Ministry of Coal

Answer: A [Ministry of Jal Shakti]


The Ministry of Jal Shakti’s Department of Water Resources, River Development, and Ganga Rejuvenation is organizing the International Conference on Dam Safety (ICDS) in Jaipur.

The conference was inaugurated under the theme “Safe & Secure Dams Ensure Nation’s Prosperity.”  With India hosting over 6,000 dams, this event focuses on enhancing dam safety, discussing cutting-edge topics, and highlighting the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) Phase II and III.

9. Araku coffee, which was one of the gifts presented to leaders at G-20 summit, is from which state?

[A] Kerala

[B] Andhra Pradesh

[C] Assam

[D] West Bengal

Answer: B [Andhra Pradesh]


During the recent G20 Summit in Delhi, world leaders were presented with a selection of handcrafted gifts representing India’s diverse cultural heritage.

These gifts included such as Kannauj’s famous ittar, Kashmiri saffron, Araku coffee from Andhra Pradesh, and tea from the Nilgiris, all packaged in a chest adorned with brass detailing. The gift also featured Sundarbans honey, Zighrana Ittar from Kannauj, Pashmina shawls from Changthangi goats, Khadi scarves symbolizing India’s freedom struggle, and commemorative coins and stamps.

10. Which institution has developed a new Approach for Early Detection and Treatment of Lung and Cervical Cancer?

[A] IIT- Madras

[B] IISc- Bengaluru

[C] IIT- Delhi

[D] IIT- Kharagpur

Answer: B [IISc- Bengaluru]


Scientists at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have unveiled a groundbreaking approach for cancer treatment with the potential for early detection and the targeted elimination of lung and cervical cancer cells.

India is projected to witness approximately 29.8 million cancer cases by 2025, particularly in North and northeast regions.

11. Varuna is the bilateral exercise between the navies of which countries?

[A] India and France

[B] India and Sri Lanka

[C] India and Australia

[D] India and USA

Answer: A [India and France]


Phase 2 of the 21st edition of Varuna bilateral exercise between Indian and French Navy was conducted in the Arabian Sea.

The exercise witnessed participation of guided missile frigates, tanker, Maritime Patrol Aircraft and integral helicopters from the two sides. The first phase of ‘Varuna-2023’ was conducted off India’s Western Seaboard.

12. Which city is the host of the ‘First Global Symposium on Farmers’ Rights’?

[A] Mumbai

[B] New Delhi

[C] Varanasi

[D] Amritsar

Answer: B [New Delhi]


The President of India Droupadi Murmu inaugurated the inaugural ‘Global Symposium on Farmers’ Rights’ (GSFR) at the ICAR Convention Centre in New Delhi.

This event is organized by the Secretariat of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (International Treaty), in collaboration with various Indian agricultural bodies. Notably, India was the first country to include Farmers’ Rights in its Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPVFR) Act in 2001.

13. Which Indian tennis player won the runners trophy in the US Open doubles final?

[A] Rohan Bopanna

[B] Somdev Devvarman

[C] Chirag Shetty

[D] K Srikanth

Answer: A [Rohan Bopanna]


The Indo-Australian tennis pair Rohan Bopanna-Matthew Ebden lost to the defending US Open men’s doubles champions Rajeev Ram-Joe Salisbury, in the finals of US Open.

Rajeev Ram and Joe Salisbury became the first men’s doubles team at the US Open to achieve a three-peat in more than 90 years.

14. India recently organised the meeting of Strategic Partnership Council (SPC) formed with which country?

[A] Brazil

[B] Argentina

[C] Egypt

[D] Saudi Arabia

Answer: D [Saudi Arabia]


Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a landmark summit, marking the first meeting of the India-Saudi Arabia Strategic Partnership Council (SPC), which was established in 2019.

The council consists of two main pillars: the Committee on Political, Security, Social, and Cultural Cooperation, and the Committee on Economy and Investments, each with several levels of engagement. The two nations agreed to expedite the USD 50-billion West Coast refinery project.

15. Which department launched ‘Recognition Scheme for ISPs Promoting Rural FTTH Broadband’?

[A] Department of Telecommunications

[B] Department of Post

[C] Department of Electronics

[D] Department of Expenditure

Answer: A [Department of Telecommunications]


The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has introduced a scheme to acknowledge Internet Service Providers (ISPs) for their outstanding contributions to expanding Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) broadband connectivity in rural India.

This initiative aligns with the government’s objective of promoting digital inclusion and fostering socio-economic development in rural areas.

16. ‘India – Middle East – Europe Economic Corridor’ was formed along the sidelines of which summit?

[A] G-20




Answer: A [G-20]


On the sidelines of the G20 Summit in New Delhi, several countries, including India, the US, Saudi Arabia, the European Union, the UAE, France, Germany, and Italy, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to establish the India – Middle East – Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC).

IMEC is envisioned as a network of transport corridors comprising railway lines and sea lanes to promote economic integration between Asia, the Arabian Gulf, and Europe. This initiative is part of the Partnership for Global Infrastructure Investment (PGII).

17. Which country/bloc has been recently admitted as the Permanent Member of G20?

[A] Mauritius

[B] African Union

[C] Maldives

[D] Egypt

Answer: B [African Union]


The African Union (AU) has been granted permanent membership in the G20 during the 18th G20 Heads of State and Government Summit in New Delhi.

The AU, comprising 55 African member states, was established in 2002 to promote an integrated, prosperous, and peaceful Africa driven by its citizens. It serves as a platform for addressing various social, economic, and political challenges in Africa while emphasizing unity and solidarity among African nations.

18. Which bank launched the ‘Nation First Transit Card’ to facilitate seamless customer commuting experience?

[A] State Bank of India

[B] Punjab National Bank

[C] Canara Bank

[D] Axis Bank

Answer: A [State Bank of India]


The State Bank of India, country’s largest lender, has launched the ‘Nation First Transit Card’ facilitate the seamless customer commuting experience and ensure easy digital ticketing fare payments in metro, buses, water ferries, parking, etc., through a single card.

In addition, individuals can also use this card for making retail and e-commerce payments.

19. Which institutions recommended cross border co-operation and information sharing, in a joint report to the Group of 20 nations?



[C] World Bank- WEF


Answer: A [IMF- FSB]


The International Monetary Fund and Financial Stability Board has recommended cross border co-operation and information sharing for consistent regulation of crypto assets, the two said in a joint report to the Group of 20 nations.

As per the Synthesis Paper, the FSB will, by 2025-end, conduct a review of the status of the implementation of the two sets of high-level recommendations at the jurisdictional level.

20. Which country has recently rejoined the European Union’s science research programme -Horizon Europe?

[A] U.K

[B] Germany

[C] France

[D] Italy

Answer: A [U.K]


The United Kingdom (UK) is all set to return to the flagship Horizon Europe science research programme, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak confirmed.

The country’s researchers are now eligible for €95 billion grants and can bid to take part in projects under the programme.

21. What does “I” stand in I-CRR stand for?

[A] Incidental

[B] Incremental

[C] Instrumental

[D] International

Answer: B [Incremental]


The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has recently announced the phased discontinuation of the Incremental Cash Reserve Ratio (I-CRR), which was introduced on August 10, 2023.

The I-CRR was implemented to absorb surplus liquidity caused by various factors, including the return of Rs 2,000 notes to the banking system. The RBI aims to release I-CRR funds gradually to avoid shocks to system liquidity and ensure orderly money market functioning.

22. India has decided to settle WTO Poultry Dispute with which country?

[A] Japan


[C] China

[D] Pakistan

Answer: B [USA]


India and the United States of America have reached an agreement to settle their longstanding World Trade Organisation (WTO) poultry dispute. This resolution was announced in a joint statement following a meeting between Indian Prime Minister and US President.

As part of the settlement, India will reduce tariffs on various American products, including frozen turkey, frozen duck, fresh, frozen, dried, and processed blueberries and cranberries.

23. The RBI has encouraged/called upon which set of entities, to establish Self-Regulatory Organizations (SROs)?

[A] Multi-state Cooperative Banks

[B] Fin-Tech Firms

[C] Small Finance Banks

[D] Regional Rural Banks

Answer: B [Fin-Tech Firms]


The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has recently called upon fintech entities to establish Self-Regulatory Organizations (SROs).

These SROs serve as non-governmental entities responsible for creating and enforcing industry-specific codes of conduct on transparency, fair competition, and consumer protection. They would act as intermediaries between regulators and market participants.

24. A report by which institution has stated that the window to reach climate goals is ‘rapidly closing’?

[A] UN




Answer: A [UN]


A new report from the United Nations has emphasized the urgency of addressing climate change, stating that the window of opportunity to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels is rapidly closing.

The report, part of the Global Stock take (GST) mandated by the Paris Agreement, highlights that while some progress has been made, countries are far from achieving the necessary targets to meet this goal.

25. NASA’s MOXIE Successfully Generated Oxygen on which planet?

[A] Mars

[B] Jupiter

[C] Moon

[D] Venus

Answer: A [Mars]


The US Space agency NASA has announced that its Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment (MOXIE) which is on board the Perseverance Mars Rover has been successful in generating oxygen in Mars. The equipment demonstrated its ability to convert Martian carbon dioxide (CO2) into oxygen.

This technology breakthrough could play crucial role in future human missions to Mars, providing a sustainable source of breathable air and rocket propellant.

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