Ancient Medieval and Modern History of Uttar Pradesh: The history of Uttar Pradesh is very much associated with the broad history of India. It dates back to 4000 years. Formerly the area of Uttar Pradesh was occupied by Aryans or the Dasas and their main occupation was agriculture. The Aryans through conquests occupied the adjoining areas.
The history of Uttar Pradesh, a state in India, stretches back several millennia. The region shows the presence of human habitation dating back to between 85,000 and 73,000 years ago. Additionally, the region seems to have been domesticated as early as 6,000 BC.
The early modern period in the region started in 1526 after Babur invaded the Delhi Sultanate, and established the Mughal Empire covering large parts of modern Uttar Pradesh. The remnants of the Mughal Empire include their monuments, most notably Fatehpur Sikri, Allahabad Fort, Agra Fort, and the Taj Mahal.
- The region was the site of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, with revolts at Meerut, Kanpur, and Lucknow. The region was also a site for the Indian Independence movement.
- After independence in 1947, the United Provinces were renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950.
- In 2000, the state of Uttarakhand was carved out from Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh State: Basic Information
The state animal of Uttar Pradesh is Barasingha. The Barasingha is also called swamp deer. It is known by the scientific name of Rucervus duvauceli. They are found in Dudhwa National Park and Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh. Swamp deer is a medium sized deer, which grows to a maximum height of 130 cm and weighs around 170 to 280 kg. The main reasons of reduced numbers of this state animal of Uttar Pradesh include poaching, hunting and diversion of important grasslands to agriculture.
The state bird of Uttar Pradesh is Sarus (Crane). The Sarus is the tallest flying bird in the world standing 115-167 cm tall with a wingspan of 220-250cm. It has a predominantly grey plumage with a naked red head and upper neck and pale red legs. It is known by the scientific name of Grus Antigone.
Palash is the state flower of Uttar Pradesh. It is associated with spring.
Many folk literary expressions describe Palash as the forest fire. It is believed that the tree is a form of Agni, God of fire. These flowers are used in the worship of Lord Shiva. Its flower and leaves are used as medicine like cure of Diabetes, Cataract, Leprosy, and other skin diseases and so on. It is also used to prepare Holi colours.
Ashoka (Saraca asoca) is the state tree of Uttar Pradesh. Saraca Asoca is a plant belonging to the Caesalpinioideae sub-family of the legume family. It is an important tree in the cultural traditions of the Indian subcontinent and its adjacent areas. It grows in warm humid climate.
Ancient, Medieval and Modern History of Uttar Pradesh
In ancient times, Uttar Pradesh was known as Madhyadesh and it had very fertile land between Delhi and Patna. Discovery of arms and implements of ancient and Neo-Palaeolithic age was found in Mirzapur, Bundelkhand, Sonbhadra and Pratapgarh. The history of Uttar Pradesh has been divided into Pre-historic Age (Stone Age), Proto-historic Age (Bronze Age) and Historic Age (Iron Age).
Medieval period of Uttar Pradesh saw the emergence of Muslim rule. The rule of Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire is of vital importance in the medieval history of Uttar Pradesh.
The medieval history of Uttar Pradesh remained a period of turmoil. After the decline of Harshavardhana’s reign, various regional powers came into existence and tried hard to establish their rule. Then it was ruled by the different sultans of Delhi Sultanate.
After this event, Uttar Pradesh along with Delhi came under the rule of Mughal Empire. The subedar of Mughal Empire became the Nawab of Awadh.
The Modern History of Uttar Pradesh was dominated by British. During the British Rule, different movements took place. It was started with the ‘Revolt of 1857’ from Meerut Cantonment. Beside this, several other movements against the British Rule also took place.
History of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh: Basic Information
– General Information
– First in Uttar Pradesh
– State Symbols
1. Ancient History of Uttar Pradesh
– Pre-Historic Age of Uttar Pradesh
– Proto-Historic Age of Uttar Pradesh
– Vedic Civilization in Uttar Pradesh
– Mahajanapadas and Uttar Pradesh
– Magadha Empire
– Famous Ruling Dynasties of Ancient Period
2. Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh
– Uttar Pradesh and Sultanate Period
– Uttar Pradesh and Mughal Period
3. Modern History of Uttar Pradesh
– Uttar Pradesh as Independent State and British Rule
– Revolt of 1857 and Uttar Pradesh
– Development of Nationalism in Uttar Pradesh after the Revolt of 1857
– Formation of Indian National Congress
– National Movements in Uttar Pradesh
– Historical Personalities of Uttar Pradesh
– Freedom Fighters of Uttar Pradesh
|Ancient Medieval and Modern History of Uttar Pradesh
|Uttar Pradesh State Civil Services (UPPSC) and all other examinations
|E-Book / PDF