Which of the following technologies will be enabled by the 5G mobile communication networks?

Q. Which of the following technologies will be enabled by the 5G mobile communication networks? (69th BPSC Prelims 2023)

1. Internet of Things

2. Edge Computing

3. Network Slicing

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A)Only 1and 2

(B)Only 2and 3

(C) Only I and 3

(D) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

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5G is the communications backbone that will enable revolutionary applications in other markets, including industrial, automotive, medical and even defense. For a world that is becoming increasingly connected with the Internet of Things (IoT), 5G’s significant improvements in speed (at least 10 times faster than 4G, up to 10 Gbps), latency (10 times lower than 4G, down to 1 ms) and density (supporting 1 million IoT devices per square kilometer) will make many innovative applications possible – especially those in which security, reliability, quality of service, efficiency and cost are equally important.

The Internet of Things is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

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Edge Computing: Edge computing means taking real-time decisions close to the source of data. By locating computational intelligence close to the individual and different sources of the data, edge computing reduces latency in the implementation of a requested service. Instead of sending data through the entire core network to the cloud for processing, edge computing uses distributed network architecture to ensure near-real-time processing with reduced delays, which would otherwise simply not be acceptable for the specific service.

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Network Slicing: Network slicing allows operators to separate the packet traffic layer from the control layer, supporting multiple applications and services running in parallel for a range of users who require different levels of quality, latency, and bandwidth. This means that 5G systems will have many logical network slices, or “fast-track lanes,” to support specific applications and customers.

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